Some of the most famous words in the Bible; and the opening to the Gospel that I regard as the most authoritative for Christians - our primary and only eye-witness source of information on the person and teachings of Jesus.
Yet I don't have a clear idea of what these early verses mean - what they add-up-to in a substantive sense. Indeed, I am not even sure that they have a substantive meaning; they may be essentially a poetic prologue - the author's impression rather than Jesus's teaching.
I have read plenty of interpretations, and considered plenty of possibilities; but the one thing of which I am sure is that I Do Not Know what 1: 1-5 mean.
As I have mentioned before; it is this knowing when I do Not know that I regard as my primary virtue as a scholar and researcher. All the significant discoveries I made as a scientist were made because I recognized that I did not know what everybody else thought they did know - but in reality didn't.
For instance, people thought they knew what was meant by saying a person suffered from 'depression', they thought they knew what they meant by 'antidepressant', they thought that the pharmaceutical action of antidepressants were delayed by several weeks - but in all instances this was just inattentive, sloppy thinking.
Nobody really knew; and somebody needed to re-think. It may or may not be possible to reach an answer - but at least I could know that I did not know
Later on I asked about the origins of life ("how did life arise?"), the nature of 'life' ("what is life?"), and the origin of distinct biological categories such as kingdom, phylum, class, order and family; the division between males and females; or the true disciplinary boundaries of Biology?
I realized that people had not answered these questions, but had merely stopped asking them seriously. Biological researchers has simply 'changed the subject'.
That's pretty much how I feel about the opening of the Fourth Gospel. I know I don't really understand it; and I don't think anybody whose interpretations I have come-across understands it either (not least because they nearly all proceed from assumptions I regard as false).
So I am not asking or expecting anybody-else to tell me what these Bible versus mean; because I will almost certainly find such explanations flawed. This is something I would need to work out for myself and to my own satisfaction, but I would not be surprised if (for whatever reason) there was no satisfactory explanation of these words.
There might be many reasons for this incomprehension - including interference from later insertions or deletions, that their original meaning is no longer relevant, problems with translation (and/or modern deficiencies in understanding of the original text), or that intended meaning was a mistake by the author. Or my own false assumptions. Or simple mental inadequacy.
So, at present I rest content in not knowing, and knowing that I do not know, the meaning of this passage (and other passages) in the Bible. But if I need to know; and enquire in the right spirit; no doubt I will be able eventually to know.