For a Christian this can be simplified into the primary theology of understanding the nature and purposes of God the Creator.
Most Christian theologians through history have made the assumption that - in the beginning - God's creation was wholly Good (e.g. the angels in Heaven, the Garden of Eden); and that the purpose of God through history has been to develop Man's agency, or freedom.
Thus - Man began as Good but unfree; and God has worked through history to develop in Man a freedom that then chooses Good.
I believe in contrast, that reality began with (meaningless and purposeless) chaos - but a chaos that included God the Creator and also Men.
Thus both God and Men began as Beings with agency.
Men began as free - but unconscious.
God has worked through history to develop Man's consciousness aiming at the point when man would (from his innate agency) consciously choose to align with God.